Quietest Refrigerator Brand Review 2021: Which One Is The Right Choice For Your Kitchen?

1 4

Refrigerators are essential appliances in every household today. But on the market today, many refrigerator brands make you wonder. If you are looking for a really quiet refrigerator to preserve food and save electricity on limited days out on the road? Don’t miss the list of quietest refrigerator brands below.

Best Quietest Refrigerator Brand Comparison 2021

Image
Fisher Paykel Activesmart 17 Cu. Ft. French Door Refrigerator - Stainless Steel - Rf170adx4
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for a big family
Rating
Details
Image
Frigidaire FFHD2250TS 36 Inch Counter Depth French Door Refrigerator with 22.5 cu. ft. Total...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for luxury quality
Rating
-
Details
Image
Peak Cold Single Door Commercial Reach In Stainless Steel Freezer, White Interior; 23 Cubic Ft, 29'...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for easy to move
Rating
-
Details
Image
Frigidaire FFSS2615TD 36 Inch Freestanding Side by Side Refrigerator with 25.5 cu. ft. Capacity, in...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for durable usage
Rating
-
Details
Image
Haier 16.0 Cu. Ft. 4 Door Bottom Freezer Refrigerator Stainless Steel
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for a tight budget
Rating
-
Details

** Below, you will find our detailed reviews of the Quietest Refrigerator Brand, but you can also click these following links to see current prices or read customer reviews on Amazon.

Top 15 Best Quietest Refrigerator Brand Reviews 2021

Fisher Paykel Activesmart

Bottom Freezer Cantilevered Fridge RF170ADX4, Fisher Paykel Sterling Silver. A mixture of heating elements with intelligent circuitry and adjustable velocity fans provides a stable atmosphere and optimal temperatures for food to be fresher. 

The display settings are installed inside the refrigerator for convenient access and are built for simple and effective use. Make each product basin perfectly microclimate, preserving the consumption of foods and plants at the appropriate temperature and relative humidity levels. Ensures the best time to freeze smartly depending on how it is applied.

When you are gone, energy is reduced because it detects less and less often defrosting. Flexible padding, flexible study possibilities, and convenient tins or tins on full-scale runners simplified organizing and preparing food.

The French Door Barrier Depth The theater with massive outdoor shelf areas and unimpeded access is brought by French door fridges in the house. This 17 cubit ft. model is ideal for households closer on site but would need a large refrigerator for expanding households or a lot of fun. The door is narrower in French.

Pros:

  • Elegant, compact style
  • Convenient to transport
  • Lovely interface
  • Well done

Cons:

  • Nothing

Frigidaire: FFHD2250TS 36 Inch Counter Depth French Door Refrigerator

Frigidaire is the most passionate fridge maker in the fridge industry, with the latest refrigeration technologies, efficiency, long-term, and design elements still updated. The formulation has increasingly made the fridge known to customers.

Contra Depth French door FFHD2250TS 36 Inch, The Mixer grinder fridge, is designed to avoid heat shift, multipurpose compartments, a smart sensor of cold flow, antimicrobial engineering… you will sense the food is prolonged, not smell-mixed, avoiding the significant risk of nutrition missing food when storing.

Pros:

  • Lovely interface
  • Great quality
  • Good endurance

Cons:

  • Nothing

Peak Cold Single Door Commercial

Single window upright business dining refrigerator – outdoor solid wood – white-colored indoor steel. The cooling method has the highest in food safety at -7°F through the 0°F (-21°C through the -17°C). Management system digital: Extendable fixed weather and rate of thawing; fault codes for diagnosing operation problems. 

Maximum duty PVC racks with coating. Metastasize rotors make moving and cleaning below the system easier. Air track hooks for self closely manage each gate’s massive pull. The bottom shelves “no succumb.” Cabinet bottom space. Capacitor spiral widely available and direct access to operation. Easy and no piping needed construction.

Peak Cold is typically the dominant player in the competition, not common within the home market but in other nations. The benefit of the Peak Cold fridges is the nature of their character, the better storage of food.

The electricity device is ready on all peak cold versions. Freezing Front Panel Fridge 11001 items recalls consumer behaviors endorsed trying to open frequencies of doors, lower/higher food quantity, the heat inside/out compatible with each time frame for optimum refrigeration level.

Pros:

  • Lovely interface
  • Great quality
  • Good endurance

Cons:

  • Little color

Frigidaire: FFSS2615TD 36 Inch Freestanding Side by Side Refrigerator

This renovated item has been checked and accredited as new. The renovation process involves testing usability, simple washing, checking, and reusing—the items offered in a standard package with all related products.

FFSS2615TD 36 inch edge cooler of the Frigidaire brand may be a tall cooler in all types and the most widely used by the consumers.

FFSS2615TD 36 Inch FreeBSD sides by side fridge are built in a stylish style with terribly interpretation methods, combined with refrigerators and the dual fan air conditioning.

The fridge and the freezer chamber are refreshed independently while the fridge operates because of this double fan device. The thermosensor should register the state and change the supply of arctic water when one compartment achieves the defined cuteness.

The cooler keeps the 2 containers cold at a correct amount for the best protection of the meat without wasting a great deal of electricity since the cooler has to cool it down over the desirable size.

Pros:

  • Convenient to transport
  • Consumer proximity
  • Composed of quality materials

Cons:

  • Transportation is sluggish

Haier: 16.0 Cu. Ft. 4 Door Bottom Freezer Refrigerator

The 4-door lower freezer cooler from the Haier company may be a big nominee to search for new high-end fridges with industrial processes.

This could be Haier’s traditional fridge with a homogenous window layout and a sleek and ostentatious layout. This 4 door top zipper cooler is the perfect option for your friends, with an overwhelming ability.

16.0 Cu. Ft. 4 Door Bottom Fridge not just to keeps food. Still, it offers you the opportunity to live in a comfortable environment and allow the protection and well-being of relationships. Its inner participants are usually engineering, which can fight infection and even the extremely negative smell inside the fridge.

Pros:

  • Consumer proximity
  • Composed of top quality

Cons:

  • The price is costly.

Arctic Air: AWR25 White Single Door Reach in Commercial Refrigerator

Our access versions are wonderfully built for the style you’d be glad to use in any business process in sleek cast iron. More significantly, in today’s consumer food services industry, our services have much functionality we like.

Services include high-performance fan engine systems, an integrated digital monitor automated temperature sensor, an open front regulator, and a compacting device installed on a pullout platform to ensure easy servicing/cleanliness for low cleaning. During the whole supply chain, Arctic Air goods have to undergo several quality assurance audits. All goods are controlled and tracked at least 13 hours before packing and delivery.

The industrial fridge AWR25 White Single Door Touch can be a luxury Arctic Air fridge. The goods have a stylish look that can add sophisticated elegance to your house.

Practical, intelligent technology has made usage fast. AWR25 White Single Door Commercial Fridge also helps to prevent power losses and efficiently store food.

Despite its oversized volume, the AWR25 White Single Door Industrial Fridge still provides maximum power savings. The goods are provided with the usual on an elevated fridge like a spatial cold device, a moisture-balancing tank, two separates compartments, an antimicrobial filter, etc.

Pros:

  • Pleasant to the consumer
  • Contemporary architecture
  • Modern design

Cons:

  • Transportation is sluggish

Kenmore: 50049 25 cu. ft. Side-by-Side Refrigerator with Ice Maker with Window in Black

A cooler with a Window Dark household appliance from the Kenmore company, 50045 25 cu. ft. Besides each Other, luxury goods appropriate for the modern dining room may be a digital services layout of the product.

Besides each other fridge with a door fridge in Black would be ideal for your community and our space. With an overcapacity, 50049 25 cubits. The product is supplied with two separate outdoor systems to help keep food quality at its best, supporting meat from the refrigerator and the refrigerator to avoid blending smells to keep food healthy.

Indoor room 25 cubic feet, simple to alter the shape bookshelves. Loads of storerooms and organizational solutions can be obtained from the quart door pans and a moisture-controlled transparent cruiser bin.

The melting ice supplier for the outdoor Dual Pad places clean water straight within your bottle. The ice distributor has a simple constructed window that allows us to keep ice track. An integrated pressure washer eliminates contaminants in wastewater.

Pros:

  • Lovely interface
  • Well done
  • Good endurance

Cons:

  • Transportation is sluggish

Frigidaire: FFTR1821TS 30 Inch Freestanding Top Freezer Refrigerator

A modern, luxury, clean, sustainable FFTR1821TS 30 Inch, Top-Freezer Frigidaire fridge will surely contribute to decorating your family’s comfortable, complex fridge room.

FFTR1821TS 30 inches Sleek, flat front of the core business cooler is an unmistakable style. The fridge racks are designed to accommodate more room to save more meat.

In fact, the goods have converters technologies to solve a lot of energy compared to standard fridges, allowing the fridge to monitor the refrigeration easily and insistently without tumbling or making noise during refrigeration.

Pros:

  • Excellent consistency
  • Consumer proximity
  • Composed of quality materials

Cons:

  • A bit heavy

GE: Appliances 3.1 Cubic Foot Freestanding Double Door Compact Refrigerator

The lightweight, twin-door ENERGY STAR cooler has a separate freezer bay and vibrant indoor lighting power. 3.1 cu. ft. Strong vintage brass is simple to wash and can stack easy access to beverages.

GE: Equipment 3.1 Measure of Cubic Material Door free of charge Compressed cooler air device cold fridge tends to protect the food of your community ‘engrossed’ in an extremely cool environment.

The new design of explicitly manufactured coolers, in general, allows consumers to conserve more environment by turning cold air lost when using comfortable drinks.

Furthermore, the cooling technique enables the fridge to cool very fast and guarantees that the meat is still best maintained.

3.1 cubic measurement filter of Home Depot Compressed fridge is a cheap door, which ended the war and unpleasant scents from meat fully and gave people a nourishing and tasty lunch.

Pros:

  • Portable architecture and stylistic
  • Pleasant customer
  • The delivery is fast
  • Comfy and relaxed

Cons:

  • Nothing

Midea: 3.1 Cu. Ft. Compact Refrigerator

The Midea 3.1 Cubic Feet Portable Fridge is a wise option to store your favorite dishes for prolonged trips, including meats, berries, fish, potatoes, and frozen yogurt. You can put it in the driveway, cellar, or food court in the regular height, with flexible legs and removable hinged doors. 

You can affect the color with a variable temperature sensor to ensure the optimal environment to preserve your nutrition for potential use, minimizing waste and the room in your cooler that keeps your livelihood pleasant.

The Midea 3.1 Cu. Ft Compact Fridge, a traditional freezer configuration, can easily handle water or canned meals in the tank. Midea 3.1 Cu. Ft. Compact Fridge would be a too much, comfortable room to store food for households of between 6 and 8 members.

This cooler has a system to monitor use and adjustments within and without the fridge from the atmosphere. The mode of operation can be auto-adjusted and save a significant amount of power.

Pros:

  • Craft of fashion
  • Excellent consistency
  • Simple and practical

Cons:

  • None

Frigidaire: EFR492 4.6 cu ft Refrigerator 

This small fridge/freezer is ideal for the beer garden, hotel area, or festivities when additional space is available, with a volume of 4.5 cu ft. The unit has a refrigerator room with a cleaning solution, an ice cream scoop platter, adjustable food shelf and a gentle gate with a milk shelf, a food carrier, and a drink carrier for storing food and drink. 

It could be opened to the wrong or correct from its removable metal door, and this can easily balance on the uneven ground thanks to interchangeable sides of the device. Other features have included a climate control button, a room rinse design, a clean black door.

EFR492 4.6 cu ft Frigidaire: The coolant is one of every excellent item due to Frigidaire’s proprietary temperature control: EFR492 4.6 cu ft Fridge is still on the marketplace, particularly the Frigidaire: EFR492 4.6 cu ft. The fridge is selling on the global marketplace quite effectively.

With temperature shift prevention software, multifunctional sharing, smart different cooling sensors, antimicrobial new tech, you’ll have such a sense of new and tasty prolific food without combining scent and avoiding high rural development and poverty danger. During processing, recorded directly.

Pros:

  • Lovely interface
  • Well done
  • Good endurance

Cons:

  • Nothing

RCA: RFR832-BLACK, 3.2 cu. ft. 2 Door Fridge with Freezer 

Appreciate the RCACompact Fridge Cooler with cool beverages at work or in school. This micro refrigerator is designed to store your choice of beverages and snacks, like soda, fruit, beverage plastic bottles, etc. Take your favorite beverage back and conveniently at any time.

 A 3.1 cubic feet room, this warmer drink contains 2-liter containers, 8-unit drinks, and other large drinks. Each of the 2 drag racks can be adjusted in length, making space for larger cans or flakes simple. Best still, the floating shelves are reliable, so that people’s mess does not escape in the bottom shelf so that cleaning is quick.

Freeze your beverages as you please with the digital piston cooling of this small fridge. Even on warm days, the revolutionary coolant delivers the best results. This lightweight drink cooler is fitted with customizable elevators and a fixed base in all homes, offices, kitchens, or bars. Enjoy cold beverages with RCA Drink Cooler and extinguish your hunger.

RCA: BLACK-RFR832, 3.2 cu. ft. 2 Freezer-style door refrigerator with a comfortable and sleek build in a bottom refrigerator. Inside RFR832-BLACK, 3.2 cu. ft. sliding Doors Freezer’s refrigerator is extravagant and uses a huge cooling room.

Multi-dimensional cool ventilation reaches every section of the wardrobe and increases longevity and energy saving. RCA: BLACK-RFR832, 3.2 cu. ft. Freezer’s 2-door refrigerator includes huge storage with vegetables to help keep more, restrict buying quantities. In addition, the product has a versatile and ostentatious display case.

Pros:

  • Lovely interface
  • Well done
  • Good endurance

Cons:

  • Nothing

ntarctic Star Compact Mini Refrigerator

This lightweight fridge is ideal for dormitory rooms, office breaks, restaurants, bars, and any room with little storage. Antarctic star fridge offers you a cool sensation. The look of a fridge will not only secure and prepare food but also effectively and inexpensively. The look is trendy.

The fridge and freeze of Antarctic Star 3.2 is the combination of modern and state-of-the-art temperature control and elegant architecture to fit any family. The portable fridge is equipped with refrigerator and freezer rooms. Fresh produce, beverages, and eggs are stored in the refrigerator. And the freezer stocks froze yogurt and other fully prepared delicacies. Space segmented, protection of wellbeing.

Only 38 dB of reduced friction. It won’t disturb you to relax if you place it in the bathroom or the sitting room. The fridge is good enough to have a close to zero device in a bathroom or elsewhere.

Multiple methods to place with a flexible and compact rack. The nutrition you choose can be placed in your choice of fruit and veggies in the container. The container of vegetables and the floating shelves have been fitted.

Pros:

  • Simple to transport
  • Minimal structure
  • Lovely interface

Cons:

  • Nothing

Midea WHS-121LB1 Refrigerator

The lightweight refrigerative Midea doesn’t just hold your tasty meal new, and it also holds your manually freeze environment beautifully fresh anytime you wish for optimum refreshment and food storage. Fix your room temperature quickly and change the level of the arm as the lightweight warmer looks great in every oven.

Place the cupboard door to an east or west quickly, depending on your home’s requirements and design. Keep your packaged beverages on a customized support frame cool and tidy—a completely separate freezer for lower pressure output. The wide warehouse on the refrigerator door can hold up to 2L containers. Change the refrigerator to ensure that your refrigerator fits perfectly.

Pros:

  • Great quality
  • Good endurance
  • Appropriate for any age
  • Gorgeous

Cons:

  • A bit heavy

SMETA 1.6 Cubic Feet Compact Refrigerator 

This tiny fridge saving room (18.5″ x 17.5″ x 19.5″) sells minimum power (75 watts) and room-free food, water, wine, and other drinks.

The elegant, futuristic style is ideal for dormitories in the school, workplaces, carpal, pubs, and tiny apartments.

Detachable racks increase the storage space and facilitate the cleaning of the refrigerator. The temperature regulation can be adjusted. Six different temperature choices satisfy different nutritional requirements, beverages, breastfeeding, skin treatments, medications, etc. 

Further storage of door. Further door space for big bottles and helps in managing all. Extendable legs to make the micro refrigerator more convenient to your existence, making it rough on your ground.

Pros:

  • Cheap to buy
  • The delivery is fast
  • Good endurance
  • Comfy and comfortable

Cons:

  • Frozen for a while

Something You Should Consider Before Buying The Quietest Refrigerator Brand

Beautiful, luxurious design, suitable for your house

Today’s competition is divided into four basic coolers: mini-coolers, highest level coolers, base freezers, and corner big coolers. You may select a fridge of the same volume based upon the small chunk of the household and the number of consumers.

You could choose a micro, a cabinet with a volume of fewer than 155 liters if the room is tiny, with very few users (1-4 persons).

You could choose 2-door storage and a lower refrigerator if you want plain, conventional storage.

You can pick the higher frozen if you want comfort, simple stuff to get without leaning over.

If your residence has a massive gathering, a wide room, and luxury styles, a fridge beside each other (2-4 door cases) is a good option.

Other than the volume, the internal layout of the unit, including color, internal power button, external heat feeder, or whether it fits the requirements, needs to be considered.

Flexible temperature adjustable

For big families, you don’t typically have to carry many items with all fridge chambers.

An additional fridge with the possibility to change adjustable temperatures between the chambers or disable the activity of each container is really a compromise.

Save household energy

A fridge is an all-around appliance, and so nobody needs to use a high-value, “consumption” fridge. It is a quality choosing an electricity-saving converter fridge or cooler utilizing Econavi engineering.

The cooler will keep high moisture and hold new full for a longer period.

For a lot longer, products kept hot will easily lose moisture and not really be as natural as initially. The desire to keep humidity is among the requirements you have to remember while selecting the fridge.

Food doesn’t really mix scents between chambers, which can remove odors

A true “horror show” is the fascination with longing food smells in the fridge. The choice of a coolant with significant antimicrobial and odor remover capacity should therefore be considered. It resists not just harmful odors, but it also tends to make meat perfumed and flavored.

In general, the 2-3 individual indoor fridges nowadays are an excellent option for those who want to preserve various calories.

Each unit is, therefore, independently responsible for each space. The meat can undoubtedly combine, as the cool ventilation is entirely different in the 2 fridges and the fridge tank. In a room filled with scents from some other, you will no doubt be fascinated with nutrition.

Refrigerator design

You often choose a refrigerator based on the interior space of the family, the number of users, and the style and design depending on preferences. However, it is necessary to pay attention to the family’s financial ability to have a refrigerator like that and enhance your home’s beauty.

Financial issues are not your concern, and you can refer to high-end refrigerators

If the cost to buy a refrigerator is limited, you can choose Mimi refrigerators or traditional cabinets with 1 freezer compartment above and 1 cooler compartment below.

Antibacterial and deodorizing technology

Deodorizing technologies are equipped for current refrigerators such as Nano Fresh Ag +, Nano Titanium, Hybrid Plasma, Ag + Cu, Hygiene Fresh,… The common point of these technologies is to filter out bacteria and remove unpleasant odors in different foods, helping to keep the refrigerator ventilated, clean and achieving the highest cooling efficiency. This is considered one of the necessary technologies of a modern refrigerator.

Moisture balance feature

With the moisture balance feature, which can automatically adjust the humidity to suit many situations, food is preserved more safely.

Material of the refrigerator

When choosing to buy a refrigerator, you should also pay attention to the design material. Give preference to products with outer shells made of stainless steel or coated with electrostatic paint. Because these materials have a good bearing capacity, good heat resistance to help the cooling process faster, keep cold longer, and improve the refrigerator’s life. In addition, you should also choose shelves that are designed to be easy to manipulate, change positions, and are made of durable materials.

FAQs

How to store food in the refrigerator?

To keep food in the refrigerator from spoiling quickly, you should:

  • Cut large foods for storage.
  • Food must be wrapped or stored in a box not to dry out and the flavors mix.
  • Food and drinks must be cooled down before being refrigerated.
  • The refrigerator should be ventilated so that the cold air can circulate easily.
  • Keep liquid in front of the refrigerator door, so it doesn’t freeze.
  • Vegetables should be cleaned after washing, then stored in the refrigerator.

Is silver safe for children?

Silver has been used for centuries to prevent and treat infectious diseases and infections. Silver jars have been used since ancient Greece and Rome as storage devices for water and other liquids. The results of the toxicology survey showed that it was harmless when tested with mice. NASA also uses silver to store purified water on spacecraft. Silver is also safe for children, pregnant women, and the elderly.

My refrigerator is working, then stops by itself, and after a while runs again, is the refrigerator damaged or not and why?

This is the normal operating mechanism of the refrigerator. When the refrigerator has enough cold temperature, it will automatically turn off to save electricity. If the temperature in the refrigerator drops after a period of time, the refrigerator will automatically return to cooling. Therefore, your refrigerator is not damaged.

When the temperature sensor is damaged, it will lead to the refrigerator operating continuously without stopping. In this case, you should contact the nearest service station for technicians to check and repair the machine.

What happens when the refrigerator is short of gas?

When the refrigerator is short of gas, there will be the following symptoms:

  • Long cooling time
  • Low outdoor unit temperature
  • The vibration of the machine increased
  • And the current decreases

Why is the freezer compartment of the refrigerator frozen?

 When the freezer compartment of the refrigerator freezes, it is caused by:

Is the door seal (door seal) tightly closed?

Does space ensure air circulation?

Why are there drops of water around my refrigerator door (sweat)?

If in the days when it is too hot (in the North in February to March), there are water droplets around the refrigerator door, this phenomenon is normal due to humid weather. However, if this phenomenon occurs even on dry days, your door seal may be damaged, you need to contact the nearest service station for service.

Why do I put ice cream in the freezer and it won’t freeze?

It will help if you store ice cream at temperatures below 3º F (-16º C). If the ice cream is soft, lower the freezer temperature.

It would help if you also did not store ice cream at the door of the freezer. Ice cream stored there will be exposed to hot air frequently when opening the door and causing the ice cream to soften and melt. When the ice cream is thawed and refreeze, the small air bubbles during processing escape to form large ice crystals and settle on the surface of many hard grains.

How should the cabinet be installed for best performance?

Place the cabinet in a well-ventilated place, away from sunlight, or near a humid place or a heat source that will cause rust and paint peeling.

There is a space of 30cm on the top of the cabinet, on both sides of the refrigerator, at least 10cm from the wall.

How to properly transport the refrigerator?

Remove all food from the refrigerator.

Please do not place the refrigerator horizontally. Transport it at a 45-degree angle from the floor.

Please wait at least 30 minutes before plugging it back in.

How to handle a poor refrigerator?

Reason:

  • The refrigerator’s location (close to a heat source, sunlight shining in, or close to the wall)?
  • Are the air vents blocked from making ice or storing too much food?
  • Is the temperature control knob too low?
  • Frequently open the refrigerator for too long?
  • Is ambient temperature too high?
  • Cold air escaping due to opening the door?

To handle:

  • The location of the refrigerator must be well ventilated.
  • Avoid making too much ice or letting too much food block the air intake.
  • Adjust the temperature knob accordingly.
  • Minimize the number of times the cabinet door is opened.
  • If you cannot solve it by the above methods, please contact our refrigerator repair service for assistance.

Watching this video before buying the quietest refrigerator brand

Conclusion: Our Answer For The Quietest Refrigerator Brand

As you know, the refrigerator is an indispensable device in every family. I hope our article can help you choose the quietest refrigerator brand for your kitchen.

Below is the top 5 quietest refrigerator brands:

Image
Fisher Paykel Activesmart 17 Cu. Ft. French Door Refrigerator - Stainless Steel - Rf170adx4
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for a big family
Rating
Details
Image
Frigidaire FFHD2250TS 36 Inch Counter Depth French Door Refrigerator with 22.5 cu. ft. Total...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for luxury quality
Rating
-
Details
Image
Peak Cold Single Door Commercial Reach In Stainless Steel Freezer, White Interior; 23 Cubic Ft, 29'...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for easy to move
Rating
-
Details
Image
Frigidaire FFSS2615TD 36 Inch Freestanding Side by Side Refrigerator with 25.5 cu. ft. Capacity, in...
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for durable usage
Rating
-
Details
Image
Haier 16.0 Cu. Ft. 4 Door Bottom Freezer Refrigerator Stainless Steel
Best for
Best quietest refrigerator brand for a tight budget
Rating
-
Details
Read Also:
Top Best High End Grill: Best For Safety!
Top 15 Best Hard Anodized Cookware: You Do Not Want To Miss

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *